Revenue for film began to grow here in Georgia as early as 1972. As film began to generate a substantial amount of revenue – former Governor Sonny Purdue – revised the House Bill 610 (originally passed by Governor Roy Barnes) incorporating the revised Entertainment Industry Investment Act that we now have today. After that act was passed, Georgia began to change the game in the world of film. From being one of several top contenders vying for a number one spot outside of California and New York for film, it has outpaced the competition and is leading the way amassing over 5.1 billion in the last fiscal year alone.
Film is big Georgia business but as of 2013, it has become big Atlanta business. In order to step up efforts for film in the City of Atlanta, Mayor Kasim Reed called upon the expertise of LaRhonda Sutton, Director of the City of Atlanta Office of Entertainment, “to support the city’s rapidly expanding film industry.” This week, one of her dynamic team members, Lorielle Broussard – Marketing & Communications Manager – will share with Reel Focus readers what is going on in film with the City of Atlanta and how this office will help usher in developments in this industry.
Lorielle, it is an honor to have you on Reel Focus blog speaking to readers about the exciting things taking place in film in Atlanta. Tell our readers about how the office was started and what its vision is.
The Atlanta Mayor’s Office of Film & Entertainment was started in July 2013 to provide a one-stop-shop for productions interested in filming in Atlanta. Our office acts as a facilitator for productions to usher them through the city of Atlanta offices that they need to go through in order to make their projects happen. In doing this, it was created to streamline the permitting system for film and TV productions, assist with facilitating employment of local talent, create production-related educational and training opportunities, and work with community leaders to safeguard the interests of residents and businesses affected by film productions.
Georgia has several cities within it, vying to be the film capital within Georgia. Does Atlanta plan to become the premier place for film in Georgia and if so, what initiative is it taking to become as popular for filming as Fayetteville, or Senoia, or Covington.
As of right now, 75 – 80% of filming already happens in the city of Atlanta but part of the vision for this office is for Atlanta to be the cultural, economic and entertainment center of the Southeast, the nation and then the world. I think several of the new developments that are creating connectivity and walkability within the city of Atlanta like the new streetcar, the beltline, redevelopment of the Underground, the new stadium, the National Center for Civil & Human Rights, Buckhead Atlanta, etc. are really making Atlanta the place to film in Georgia. I think one of the major attractions to film in Atlanta is that there are several locations within the city that can look like any other city in the world, which is a huge draw for productions and producers.
As we all know, Georgia is growing rapidly in film. According to the Georgia Department of Economic Development website, television, film, music, and gaming and digital media are attracting many to Georgia, generating 5.1 billion dollars in FY 2014. Tell us how much of this can be attributed to the city of Atlanta and how the Atlanta Office of Entertainment plans to become an even more substantial part of Georgia’s earnings in this fiscal year.
I know that we had a hand in the increase in the revenue generated for the city and the state. We do provide all of the permits for every production that films on public property in the City of Atlanta. In FY14, the revenue generated from permitting was at about $494,070.00 and since filming is tripling this year in Georgia, I know that there will be a significant increase in the amount generated from permitting for FY15.
Reading these words should send chills through all of Georgia’s film professionals considering how far the film industry has come since 2008. His prediction rings true because as a result of this bill, Georgia has surpassed all of its competition outside of New York and California.
Georgia is on top now but many skeptics are waiting for the moment when this trend will pass, leaving the dreams of local film professionals dashed and the economy of Georgia broken. Some skeptics believe that just like North Carolina, film production in the South will not last. They believe that all of the film production taking place here will eventually come to a halt and the only thing that will remain will be the popular film tour companies.
Of course, not everyone is as pessimistic. There certainly is an aura of pride and hope uniting many film professionals in the state of Georgia. There is also a deep passion for making the film industry more than just a short-term anomaly. Continued success will take more than just the passion of local film talent and wishful thinking, however.
HB 1100 was a step in the right direction several years ago but just a little more effort is necessary to stabilize this industry enough to compete effectively with the bigwigs of the industry and even woo them to support the efforts taking place here.
Everyone within the industry who is keeping a very close eye on the developments here, know that California and Georgia have more in common than just the wildfires that were blazing here a few months ago. Film is becoming a large chunk of Georgia’s economy as it has been in California for many decades. Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti is definitely watching Georgia’s progress and wants California to recover its losses due to runaway production; but, in a recent interview with NPR he insists that “It’s not necessarily us declaring war on Georgia, but it’s us fighting back.”
Georgia presently holds a strong place in the overall entertainment industry. Not to mention, it has recently held down the number one spot in America for business development for several years now. Most astonishing of all is the recent ranking as one of National Geographic Traveler magazine’s 21 “Best of the World” destinations for 2017. Evidently, Georgia has a lot of hype supporting it being a great place to be but just what could strengthen its position in the film industry?
This week on Reel Focus, Ric Reitz will answer questions on how Georgia can continue its successful run and how the current incentives can be strengthened to give Georgia the competitive edge it needs to stay on top.
Ric it is a great honor to have you on our blog and I want to thank you for not only your wonderful achievements in Hollywood but also for your magnificent work in helping to grow the film industry here in Georgia. I want to begin by asking why do you think Georgia toppled all of its competition and became the number one state for film production outside of California and New York?
Thank you, it is my pleasure to respond.
Georgia’s recent success with entertainment production was the result of a “perfect storm.” When the cost basis of the industry shifted and opportunity space opened, we were able to move quickly and professionally with a focused grassroots effort, which was already organized. Whereas other U.S. states outside of California and New York have their pluses and minuses when it comes to fostering growth and employment within the entertainment industry vis-à-vis tax incentives, Georgia had and has many extra advantages. Georgia had a pre-existing production base. Few remember that prior to tax incentives Georgia had a great deal of production, right up to the Olympics; from Film/TV projects to commercials to corporate films, and therefore, post-incentives, we did not have to start from scratch on a cast, crew or infrastructure basis. We have a temperate climate with four distinct weather seasons and diverse topography, which is ideal for broad storytelling and doubling locations. We have the world’s busiest airport, which allows direct and inexpensive access to the world, which can’t be underestimated. When it came to politically expediency, much of our production was and is generated around the state capitol of Atlanta, so it was easier to tell our story.
Thankfully, we have received great political support from both sides of the aisle right up to the Governor’s office since Day One. We are not geographically close to the other major centers of production, which means we have not suffered from what I call the “black hole effect” of having resources being drawn into the top pre-existing markets by proximity. The cost of living is favorable. Our incentive currently has no sunset clauses, no maximum budget thresholds or residency requirements. And, Southern Hospitality does go a long way. Simply, Georgia has created a great opportunity to save money for producers and provided a friendly place for production people to live and work. It can be argued that other markets offer higher incentives, but I believe Georgia’s overall value is the best.
Clearly, your prediction 9 years ago was prophetic. Do you still think that your prediction is relevant in Georgia’s current film market?
Absolutely. Soundstage, studio, vendor, talent and crew infrastructure has skyrocketed. You’ll find that most other states outside of California and New York have not dug their roots deep enough to sustain large-scale production long-term. Georgia has, and a lot of that is not even directly incentivized. A quick chat with the Georgia Film Office and you will discover that the number of permanent industry residents, fixed location vendors and suppliers has jumped over 500% in less than ten years. Criticism of all new and evolving markets has been largely based on not having a deep enough bench of experienced professionals for the volume of new production. That is changing rapidly in Georgia, but it still takes time. So, we encourage a measure of patience. Keep in mind, it was never our goal to topple LA or NYC, but to become partners in the industry and ground as much international production in the states as possible. We are not about heavy-handed competition with other U.S. markets. We’ve simply created great options and an open mind. And I believe this environment has benefited not only the studios and indie producers, but national talent and crew as well.
When film was booming throughout the entire South a few years ago, there were critics who wondered how long this fad would last, particularly in Louisiana, because critics see the film incentives as a means for outsiders to come in and take advantage of the incentive; however, this doesn’t benefit the economy over the long-term. In some ways, these critiques were right and we do see that some production throughout the South has fizzled. In order for Georgia’s production to avoid becoming a part of this fizzle, tell us what ways do you think that the current incentive can be improved to not only grow the industry but sustain it within Georgia.
Whenever and wherever new industries are developed you will find criticism. Outside competition needs to criticize and, internally, people in unrelated industries want the same type of attention for their own agendas, so beware of the source.
New industries take time to develop, and this is an important new industry. One only needs to read a Georgia study on key industries of the future to know that Media is one of those industries upon which economies of the future are built. Of course, we need outside resources to kick-start the next phase of our development, because the process of training people to the level of professional ability required to pull off great entertainment production is slow. Yes, we have imported people, at first on a temporary basis, but many have stayed, which was always one of our goals. Get ‘em in. Get ‘em to stay. Believe it or not, competition improves our indigenous talent, which eventually gets them more work.
As for the long-term, the migration of experienced talent and crew will continue. The Georgia University and Technical College System, and the Georgia Film Academy will churn out our own next generation professionals, and we want them to stay. We want to attract and retain great young minds that may eventually start their own businesses, or develop new technologies that will generate new economies. When a creative vacuum is filled, you never know what you’re going to get, but history has shown that jobs in the creative industries create their own special synergy. Action leads to more action. This is not wishful thinking. It is already happening. Further, large, in-state investments have already begun with associated businesses that are not directly incentivized. Hardscrabble communities are being reborn, and new brick-and-mortar developments are springing up, including a 350-home residential and mixed-use community near Pinewood Studios Georgia. All predicted. And all within the scope of our business plan.
Beyond the occasional incentive tweak to streamline the efficiency of the Georgia program, it is neither time to restrict the migration of outside talent, nor place quotas on production for the hire of inexperienced local talent. The organic growth of our local industry and free market competition will handle the rest. You will also find that LA and NYC are not restrictive in this sense, which is how their talent pools have grown so deep over time. There is a lesson to be learned there. I understand some locals feel they are being left out, but this is more about developing reliable and bankable skill sets than entitlement. One can’t say that the opportunities aren’t here, so we have to up our game.
To sum things up, Georgia is on track. Elements are in place to sustain the Georgia business model into the future. Still, but we can’t take anything for granted. That is the nature of all things. If anything, let’s find ways for this market to develop its own signature, its own stories, and its own technologies. If anything, that is where new strategies need to be targeted.